Consequently, information can be considered data made more useful through the application of knowledge.
The collection of data, rules, procedures, and relationships that must be followed are contained in the knowledge base.
Additional software is required to implement the database approach to data management. A DBMS consists of a group of programs that are used in an interface between a database and the user, or between the database and the application program.
Advantages of the database approach are presented in Table 1.
Turning data into information is a process or a set of logically related tasks performed to achieve a defined outcome.
Output typically takes the form of reports and documents that are used by managers.
Feedback is utilized to make necessary adjustments to the input and processing stages of the information system.
Characters form fields such as names, telephone numbers, addresses, and purchases. For example, an employee file would be maintained for payroll purposes, while an additional employee file might be maintained for newsletter purposes.
One or more data files are created for each application.